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The Edwardian era spanned from 1901 - 1910, the reign of King Edward VII in Great Britain. Stylistically, it applies to the dominant styles of jewelry from the late 19th century through the end of WWI.
Some of the popular forms of jewelry include lavalieres (delicate pendants), dog collar necklaces, sautoirs (long ropes of pearls or beads with tassels or a pendant), long chains with spectacle-set stones, fringe necklaces, and festoons (necklaces with multiple swag chains).
Characteristic of the style is the use of platinum and diamonds in delicate openwork designs, made possible by the development of a torch hot enough to make working with platinum viable in the 1890's, and by the availability of diamonds from South Africa. This style became known as the "Garland Style". In addition to garlands, popular motifs include bows, lace, and elaborate designs influenced by French architecture.
The Edwardian era overlapped with the Art Nouveau and Arts and Crafts styles, and pieces of jewelry will sometimes contain a mix of these styles. In addition, late Edwardian jewelry often contains elements of the more angular Art Deco style which followed it. Late Edwardian jewelry is also often made of white gold which was patented in the early teens.